amount的语法与用法

日期:2021-02-20 16:02:36 作者:cj 浏览: 查看评论 加入收藏

amount的语法与用法

1. 用作名词,意为“数量”“金额”等,通常用于 a (great, large) amount of 这类结构,其后通常接不可数名词;这类结构用作主语,其谓语的数取决于 amount 的数。如:

在这座桥上花了大量资金。

正:A large amount of money was spent on the bridge.

正:Large amounts of money were spent on the bridge.

偶尔也可见到其后接复数可数名词的用法,但不算普通。如:

The shopkeeper had a large amount of oranges in his storeroom. 店主在货仓里存有大量橙子。

Even small amounts of these substances are known to cause skin problems. 我们知道这种物质即使是一丁点也会损害皮肤。

2. 用作动词,意为“合计”“等于”“意味着”,通常是不及物动词,其后常接介词 to。如:

The cost amounted to 250 pounds. 费用共达250英镑。

It all amounts to a lot of hard work. 这一切就相当于很多繁重的工作。

Her resignation amounts to an admission of failure. 她的辞职等于承认失败。

由于其中的to为介词,所以后接动词时要用动名词。如:

This amounts to cheating the teacher. 这等于欺骗老师。

This amounts to doing the whole thing over again. 这等于要把整个事重做一遍。

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